Omar Khayyam

Ghiyās od-Dīn Abol-Fath Omār ibn Ebrāhīm Khayyām Neyshābūri (Persian: غیاث الدین ابو الفتح عمر بن ابراهیم خیام نیشابوری) (born Neyshābūr, Persia, May 18, 1048 – died December 4, 1122) was a Persian poet, mathematician, philosopher and astronomer who lived in Persia. His name is also given as Omar al-Khayyami[1].


Portrait of Khayyam at his Mausoleum in Neyshabur
Name Omar Khayyám
Birth May 18, 1048
Death December 4, 1122
   
   
 

He is best known for his poetry, and outside Iran, for the quatrains (rubaiyaas) in Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, popularized through Edward Fitzgerald‘s re-created translation. His substantial mathematical contributions include his Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra, which gives a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle[2]. He also contributed to calendar reform and may have proposed a heliocentric theory well before Copernicus. ” ( Wikipedia )

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar_Khayyam

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